Saturday, November 25, 2017
ACW Penninsular Campaign - Part One.
From Major General G.B. McLellan, O.C. Army of the Potomac
To Brigadier General W.B. Franklin, O.C. VI Corps, Army of the Potomac
24th May 1862.
It is my intention to to strike south west into Virginia with the major portion of the army, and engage the enemy on his own soil. He will then be forced to give battle. However, I am concerned about enemy forces currently located on the Choke Peninsular, and do not want the problem of them loose in the rear, possibly disrupting the armies lines of communication.
Your Corps is tasked with the job of clearing the peninsular. It is known the enemy have an armaments facility at the large town of Hampstead, it currently produces small arms and ammunition, but is in the process of being enlarged to allow the manufacture of artillery. Despite the maritime blockade currently being enforced by our naval colleagues, Port St. Charles at the mouth of the Charles River, is being used by the enemy as a base for blockade runners.
Intelligence suggests that rebel forces on the peninsular consist of at most, a small division, but possibly as few as two brigades. However, this may be inaccurate, hence the reason you invade with your full Corps, that will be more than adequate for the task.
(a) Capture and garrison the four large towns of Hampstead, Port St. Charles, Clanfield and Stockton.
(b) Capture if possible, or destroy the armaments facility located in Hampstead.
(c) Capture or destroy all vessels in port, especially at Port St. Charles.
(d) Destroy or capture, all enemy forces on the peninsular.
Your attack will coincide with the remainder of the army beginning its advance into Virginia, one week from today, on the 31st May.
I leave the planning and execution of the above task in your hands.
George B. McLellan. U.S. Army.
Maps of the Choke Peninsular.
Order of Battle.
Union VI Corps. Brigadier General William B. Franklin.
1st Division - Brigadier General Henry W. Slocum.
1st Brigade - Brigadier General W. Taylor.
1st New Jersey
2nd New Jersey
3rd New Jersey
4th New Jersey
'E' Battery, 1st New York
1st New York Cavalry
2nd Brigade - Colonel Joseph J. Bartlett
16th New York
27th New York
'F' Battery, 5th US Artillery
1st US Cavalry
3rd Brigade - Brigadier General John Newton
18th New York
31st New York
32nd New York
'A' Battery, 1st Massachusetts
6th Pennsylvania Cavalry
2nd Division - Brigadier General William F. Smith
1st Brigade - Brigadier General Winfield S, Hancock
43rd New York
'A' Battery, 5th US Artillery
5th US Cavalry
2nd Brigade - Brigadier General W.T.H. Brooks
'G' Battery 4th US Artillery
3rd Brigade - Brigadier General John W. Davidson
33rd New York
49th New York
77th New York
3rd New York Battery
8th Pennsylvania Cavalry
Confederate Hill's Division - Major General Daniel H. Hill.
Brigadier General Samuel Garland's Brigade
5th North Carolina
23rd North Carolina
Hampton's Legion Cavalry
Brigadier General Robert E. Rodes' Brigade
4th Virginia Battery
Wise's Legion Cavalry
Colonel George B. Anderson's Brigade
4th North Carolina
Cobb's Legion Cavalry
Flying Cavalry Brigade
3rd Virginia Cavalry
9th Virginia Cavalry
Stuart's Horse Battery